The best place to start is with Roger Martin’s book the opposable mind.

Martin, R. (2009). The Opposable Mind. Harvard Business School Press.

The theory behind the thinking. 

Argyris, C. (1990). Overcoming organizational defenses. Prentice Hall.

Argyris, C. (1993). Knowledge for action: A guide to overcoming barriers to organizational change.

Chamberlin, T. C. (1897). The Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses.

Chamberlin, T. C. (1965). The method of multiple working hypotheses. Science.

Forrester, J. W. (1971). Counterintuitive behavior of social systems. Theory and Decision.

Forrester, J. W. (1972b). Planning Under the Dynamic Influences of Complex Social Systems.

Forrester, J. W. (1985). The model versus a modeling process. System Dynamics Review.

Forrester, J. W. (1987). Lessons from system dynamics modeling. System Dynamics Review.

Forrester, J. W. (1992). Policies, decisions and information sources for modeling. European Journal of Operational Research.

Forrester, J. W. (1993). System dynamics and the lessons of 35 years. A systems-based approach to policymaking.

Forrester, J. W. (1994). System dynamics, systems thinking, and soft OR. System Dynamics Review.

Forrester, J. W. (1995). The beginning of system dynamics. McKinsey Quarterly.

Johnson, H. A. (2007). Artistry for the strategist. Journal of Business Strategy.

Lakatos, I. (1975). Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes (pp. 205–259). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Levinthal, D. A., & March, J. G. (1993). The Myopia of Learning.

March, J. G., Sproull, L. S., & Tamuz, M. (1991). Learning from Samples of One or Fewer. Organization Science, 2(1), 1–13.

Moldoveanu, M. C., & Bauer, R. M. (2004). On the Relationship between Organizational Complexity and Organizational Structuration. Organization Science, 15(1), 98–118.

Popper, K. (2002). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Routledge.

Porter, M. E. (1996). What is Strategy?

Rivkin, J. W. (2000). Imitation of Complex Strategies..